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· FULLY AUTOMATIC GROUND TRAC®
With Automatic Ground Balancing, the Tracker I-D is ready for maximum performance at
all times. The Tracker I-D remains silent until metal is detected.
· SENSITIVITY LEVEL CONTROL
The Sensitivity Control lets you adjust the depth at which the Tracker I-D will respond.
· DUAL TONE
Two tones are emitted to help determine the different types of metal targeted. Depending
on the level of Discrimination adjustment, a low tone is emitted when detecting nickels
and gold rings while a high tone is emitted for silver and copper coins.
· DISCRIMINATION CONTROL
The Discrimination Control allows the user to adjust the level of trash rejection. It is
possible to set the Discriminate level so that nickels have a low tone, larger coins have a high tone and pull-tabs have an
in-between "broken" tone, making them recognizable through the Audio Target Identification System.
· LARGE VIEWMETER
The Large Viewmeter is sensitive to even the smallest objects for increased detectability. Will visually indicate when the Searchcoil is over the center of a target allowing for more efficient pinpointing.
· INTERNAL SPEAKER SYSTEM
The Internal Speaker System sounds off when objects are detected.
Comes with a 7" Waterproof Searchcoil ---
The Tracker I-D brings true treasure hunting enjoyment. It has been designed for ultra simplicity with easy-to-use automatlc features.
Assembly of this unit is easy and requires no special tools. The only assembly required is to attach the search coil and lower stem to the upper stem and the control housing. Fresh batteries can then be installed and the detector will be ready for use.
1. Depress the adjustment button on the lower stem.
2. Push the lower stem into the upper stem.
3. Wind the search coil cable around the stem as shown by rotating the lower stem within the upper stem. CAUTION: Provide enough slack in the cable near the search coil end to allow for proper adjustment of the search coil angle.
4. Position the lower stem adjustment button into on of the upper stem adjustment holes. The stem length can be adjusted to fit the person using the detector.
The Tracker I-D uses two 9 volt transistor batteries. Access to the batteries is gained by pulling off the two snap-on covers located on the bottom of the detector. Attach batteries to battery snaps and replace the covers.
NOTE: Approximately 90% of metal detector problems are caused by weak, dead or improperly connected batteries. If the unit does not come on, or comes on and has weak volume, will not tune properly, or has erratic operation or drifts, CHECK THE BATTERIES.
It is always a good idea to remove the batteries prior to prolonged storage,as weak batteries can vent and leak. This leakage is corrosive and can do serious damage to the unit.
The Tracker I-D is a state-of-the-art "motion" detector and does not have a "non-motion" mode of operation. This means that the search coil must be moving slightly to detect and "beep" the presence of a metallic object. The ultra slow motion is so slight that pinpointing is very easy.
The automatic ground rejection circuitry allows operation in virtually any mineralization and at the same time most iron and foil trash is automatically ignored.
The unique dual tone "beep" and automatic iron/foil rejection makes finding treasure easy and fun.
1. With the coil approximately 1/2" above the ground.
2. Turn the "on-off/Sensitivity" control to ON. NOTE: The detector is normally silent operating until the coil passes over a metallic object. When first turned On, sensitivity will be at its lower setting. Turning the control toward "max" further increases sensitivity. If the unit "chatters", reduce the sensitivity slightly, until the chatter stops. For maximum performance, operate with the sensitivity as high as possible. The sensitivity can generally be set higher when the Discriminator is on.
DUAL TONE ATI DISCRIMINATION
The Tracker II is equipped with a convenient simple Audio Target Identification (ATI) system that automatically classifies detected metal objects into two categories.
Adjust the DISCRIMINATE control higher to increase the range of the low tone. It is possible to set the DISCRIMINATE level so that nickels have a low tone, largest coins have a high tone and pull tabs have an in-between "broken" tone, making them easily recognizable.
The mineral content of soil will vary from area to area. Usually the mineral variances will cause a metal detector to give false signals as it is moved about. The Tracker ID has an exclusive Dual-Trac Ground Control that automatically adjusts to the actual soil condition and keeps the detector properly tune.
The VIEW METER will give a visual indication by movement of the needle to the right when an object is detected.
Stand with your arm extended only slightly in front of your body. Don't bend or stoop, but stand in an upright position that is comfortable. Hold the unit so the search coil is about 1/2" above the ground. Adjust the search coil so that it is parallel to the ground.
With the detector in the search position swing the search coil gently side to side, slightly overlapping each sweep as you move forward. Make sure you keep your search at approximately 1/2" above the ground as you search. Raising it in the sweep or at the ends of your sweep will cause false readings. Move slowly, hurrying will only cause you to miss targets.
Most good objects will respond with a good repeatable signal tone. When discriminating, rejected iron and foil objects generally do not respond. False signals can be caused by black sand, rashly ground, electrical interference, or by large irregular trash objects. These signals are easily recognized by their often broken or unrepeatable nature.
Accurate pinpointing takes practice and is best accomplished by "X-ing" the suspected target area.
1. Once a buried target is indicated by a good tone response, continue sweeping the coil over the target in a narrowing side to side pattern. Take visual note of the place on the ground where the "beep" happens as the coil is slowly moved side to side. Stop the coil directly over this spot on the ground. Now move the coil straight forward and straight back towards you a couple of times. Again make visual note of the spot on the ground at which the "beep" occurs. If needed "X" the target at different angles to "zero in" on the exact spot on the ground at which the "beep" happens.
REMEMBER: The detector will beep just as the center of the search coil passes directly over the buried target.
If you have difficulty pin pointing very strong signals, try lifting the coil higher off the ground until a weaker but more concise signal is hear. for very weak signal try moving the coil in short quick sweeps closer to the ground.
TREASURE HUNTER'S CODE OF ETHICS:
Respect the rights and property of others.
2. Observe all laws, whether national, state or local. Aid law enforcement officials whenever possible.
3. Never destroy priceless historical or archaeological
4. Leave the land and vegetation as it was. Fill in all holes.
5. Remove all trash and litter when you leave.
6. All treasure hunters may be judged by the example you set. Always obtain permission before searching any site. Be extremely careful with your probing, picking up and discarding of trash, and ALWAYS COVER YOUR HOLES!
We don't want you to have any problems with your detector, but it does happen occasionally. If your detector fails to operate at all, first check the batteries. Check the battery connections from the battery snap. The connection may be loose and not making proper contact to the snaps, but the unit still does not operate, try clicking the Power Switch on and off a few times sometimes they stick in the off position.
If your unit is operating, but not as intended, or if you have any questions you may want to call the factory and ask for assistance.
If your detector requires service, please return it to STEENBERGEN DETECTORS HULST.
Take It To The Field
As you can see, we can achieve three different tones to determine by audio different types of metal. Audio is the most important reference point on the Tracker to determine what type of metal you're detecting. Your meter system will give you a visual reference of whether you're detecting metal or not and also assist you in determining the exact location of the metal (pinpointing). Whenever the meter moves to the right, from 10 to 0, the detector is letting you know that the coil is over some metal. The numbers are not representative of anything in particular such as inches. Again, you can use the meter system to assist you in pinpointing the target or to confirm that there is metal under the coil by visual reference. Note: you cannot tell what type of metal you're detecting or how deep it is with your meter system.
You have now gone through your initial step in learning to operate your Tracker. We have learned how to "air test" the unit, know what to expect from our audio output when detecting different types of metal, and how the meter can be used for pinpointing. This only covers the basic operation and features of the Tracker metal detector. It is now time to...take it to the field.
Now for some real fun! Let's take our Tracker detector and a small digging trowel outside and find some coins. If you have a yard, we'll start there. If you do not have a yard, we'll practice in the nearest park.
We'll first operate the unit with the Sensitivity control turned three-quarters of a turn and our Discrimination control also turned three-quarters of a turn. We will not dig any pull tabs if we only dig the high tones that are emitted. (Tracker III or IV users: place your toggle switch in the right position along with these specified settings).
Slowly sweep the coil from left to right in a half circle. Take another step and do the same. We are not going to dig a target until we get a repeatable high tone. Oh, you have one already? Great, let's dig and see what we've got! Is it your first coin? Don't be disappointed if it's not. You will find other strange pieces of metal besides coins if you're digging your high tones such as: brass, copper tubing, pipe fittings, etc. If you detect a can, it is usually because of the oxidation that occurs when metal has been buried for many years. This creates a "halo effect" and will not allow any detector to bypass it. Usually after you dig something like this, you can put it on top of the ground and the detector will not emit a positive tone any longer. This is the best way to tell if a piece of metal had oxidized. There are rusty iron objects and cans that will, even then, still emit a high tone.
Let's keep sweeping the coil and learn how to pinpoint a target. As you sweep the coil in the half-circle format, you'll notice that sometimes you'll get a tone that seems to disappear. These are usually best ignored. If you cannot achieve a repeatable signal after waving the coil over the same spot a few times, it is most likely trash. If you do achieve a repeatable signal, it is time to learn how to pinpoint your target. Take your coil and sweep it at angles over the same spot as if you were drawing an "X". This will assist you in isolating your target to determine the exact spot to dig in without having to dig unnecessarily. Take your spade and draw a small circle around the exact area that you think the target is in.
Now, dig in and see if you have learned to pinpoint your target properly. As you dig, carefully pile the dirt to the side of the hole. Periodically, check the hole to see if you're still getting a signal and that it is still centered and not to the right or left of the hole. If you lose the signal directly over the hole, check the pile of dirt and see if you may have already dug up the target. With practice, you should be able to isolate your target within a four to five-inch circumference. If digging in a manicured lawn, this will minimize any destruction that may concur in your detecting efforts.
At this point, you have come a long way with your Tracker. After detecting your yard or local park, you more than likely are even a few coins richer. There are many other applications for your Tracker; one of the most historically interesting is called...relic hunting.
What is a relic? Something that has survived the passage of time is a limited definition. A relic can be anything of historical value, personal value, associated cultural value -- in fact, anything that reflects another age. There truly is no price that can be put on a relic. Relics aren't being made today; they are being copied. Because a relic is impossible to define, we can only make allusion to what we are looking for when operating a detector.
When operating your Tracker for relic hunting, set your Sensitivity as high as it will go without gaining false signaling. Keep your Discrimination turned completely counterclockwise -- which is off. (Tracker III or IV users: Make sure your Toggle switch is in the center position). Again, this means you're operating in the All Metals Motion Mode. The reason we're operating in this mode is because a lot of relics are made of iron, and your detector will usually eliminate all iron objects in Discrimination Mode.
Where do you hunt for relics? Remember, relics can be anywhere and are truly impossible to define. If hunting private property, always gain permission. Never hunt a state or federal park. These areas are usually off limits to detecting, rock hunting, fossil hunting, etc. The areas to hunt for relics can be old abandoned homes, plowed fields, remote woodlands, mountains, ghost towns, and if your home is fairly old, in your own backyard. Again, it is advised to always gain permission when hunting private property.
Depending on the area you're hunting, you may decide to operate your Tracker I-D in Discrimination Mode instead of All Metal Mode. This would be determined if you're hunting in an area where there is a lot of trash metal. For instance, old abandoned homes may have too many pull tabs to operate your unit in the All Metal Mode. By turning on your Discrimination around 12:00, as described earlier, you'll be able to eliminate most of them and isolate the more valuable targets. Remember, you will also be eliminating most all of your iron objects which could very easily be relics.
When hunting in more remote areas such as plowed fields, the trash items are minimized allowing you to use your Tracker in the All Metal Mode. This will increase the possibility of finding iron objects of historical value. If you ever find anything that you feel would be of historical significance for your local community, contact your local museum and let them know the exact location and depth of the item you found. This will enhance the local lore of your community and may even add another page to a history book.
If you find relic hunting interesting, you'll gain great benefit by researching your local library of local historical events that have occurred in your area. You may gain leads to new areas to hunt and at the same time, gain more knowledge of your local history. This knowledge will enhance your perspective and add a new dimension to the way you will view the surrounding area that you live in.
Relic hunting is one way to obtain historical riches. There is no price tag that can be placed on relics found. Although, there are applications for your Tracker that can have a high redemption value like...cache hunting.
What is a cache? Pronounced "cash", a cache can be many things. Hidden valuables such as: one's life savings, a coffee can of loose change, a strong box of paper money, a bag of jewelry are only a few samples that can be classified as a cache. A cache is usually not found in parks or ball fields but near old homes, camp sites, caves, remote countryside, etc.
To set up your Tracker metal detector for cache hunting requires that you turn off the Discrimination Mode. Sensitivity needs to be maximized for ultimate depth capability. (Tracker III or IV users: place the toggle switch in the center). Remember, if you're getting false signals, the Sensitivity will have to be cut back slightly. On the Tracker 2-D model, the false signaling can occur in the All Metals Mode by not being properly ground balanced. Refer to the special chapter in this book for Tracker 2-D users.
Now that we have our Tracker in the All Metals Mode, we are ready to approach our cache hunt. There are many reasons we have the Tracker in the All Metals Mode when hunting for caches:
I. A cache is usually buried one to four-feet deep. The Tracker will lose sensitivity once the Discrimination Mode is turned on.
II. Caches may be hidden in an aluminum or tin can, iron box, steel containers like a strong box -- all of these metals are eliminated once you turn on your Discrimination Mode even though there may be silver in the same metal container. If any of these type of metals, that normally would be discriminated out, come in between your coil and the precious metal you're attempting to find, the detector will not emit a tone unless you're in the All Metal Mode.
III. You will be able to permeate all surface trash when in the All Metals Mode, because you will be digging everything. The surface trash would have been a buffer to you in the Discrimination Mode, for you would not have gotten a signal in that same spot even though there might have been a jar of old silver dollars. Of course, this requires that you dig the surface trash and check the same spot where you've removed this same surface trash. This is in case the cache may have been screened out by this same trash.
Let's first examine our approach to cache hunting by creating the most likely sequence of encountering a hidden cache; this would be an old abandoned home site. Why is this? This goes into another complete aspect of treasure hunting: Research. Most of your cache hunting endeavors require common sense combined with research. If you consider the fact that during the Nineteenth Century there were not as many banks, that would mean choices were limited as to where to place your savings. In fact, at the time, another factor is that banks were not necessarily a secure place to store your wealth; therefore, many people did not believe in banks. So, they had to store their hard-earned money and valuables in a place that they considered secure. Now, we need to put ourselves in their position. Where and how would we hide our valuables? How about the third fence post from the gate? What about at the base of the oak tree in the backyard? Or even, underneath the bedroom window to allow them to keep a vigilance during the evening? You are now beginning to see the possibilities.
Coin-shooting is a true art form. It can take many years of practice to achieve mastery. There are many things to watch and listen for and to truly tune into your detector requires devoted persistence. Coin-shooting is the most popular application of metal detectors today.
Why would this be the most popular detecting pastime? If a coin is old enough, it's usually worth much more than the effort it takes to dig it. There are many other reasons to coin-shoot besides finding pieces of metal authorized by a government as being money. Money defines the age it was minted in. Coin collecting, as a hobby, is enjoyable in itself. The challenge of hitting the field with a metal detector to find collectible coins, is more interesting and less costly than having to buy your coins for your collection from a coin dealer.
To set up our Tracker to find strictly coins, we will adjust the Sensitivity as high as it will go without getting false signals and adjust our Discrimination at three-quarters of a turn. When only digging the high tones, this will eliminate everything but silver, copper, and brass.
You'll be amazed at all the coins you'll find in this setting. The only problem with this setting is that we are also eliminating our nickel. If you want to dig nickels without digging a lot of pull tabs, set up your unit as we described in the "Air Test" to give you a broken tone on the pull tabs and a solid low tone on your nickel. Set your Discrimination at around 12:00 and experiment until you get a solid low tone on your nickel and a broken or double-tone on your pull tab. Even after adjusting to these specifications, you will still pick up a few pull tabs that will emit a low tone, especially the pull tabs that only have the lip left after being broken in half. These are called "Beaver Tails" and cannot be differentiated from a nickel by your Tracker. They both will emit a solid low tone.
Speaking of coin-shooting, I'm reminded of a local story that involves a Tracker I-D. One buyer of a Tracker I-D metal detector had tried out his detector upon receiving it the same day. He chose to give it its first trial run in his own back yard. Oddly, he had just moved into the home after having it built in a new housing development. Because of this, his back yard was all dirt and hadn't even been landscaped. Remember, this is a new housing area where you would not expect to find anything old or of value. Shortly after turning the unit on, he had received a tone from the unit and decided that it would be a good idea to dig the target to see how the unit was working. When he opened the small tin box that he dug up he found that there was one $5 Gold Coin and an 1800s dime. The dime turned out to be extremely rare; he sold it wholesale for $13,000.00. The $5 Gold Coin went for $6,000.00. Not bad for his first swing of a Tracker metal detector.
Coin-shooting is obviously lucrative. Yet, another use for the Tracker that is tremendously profitable is...jewelry hunting.
Now this can be, without a doubt, well worth the effort when applying your Tracker. I've found many rings, both gold and silver, in my time and feel that with practice you will too.
Jewelry items are like coins, they can be lost as coins, just about anywhere there is dirt or grass and people have dwelled there. To concentrate on just finding jewelry requires that you set up your detector to eliminate 95% of the pull tabs you encounter by setting your Discrimination adjustment at around 12:00. This will mean that 85% of your gold rings will be found and all of your silver rings will be found if you're only digging the solid low tones and high tones while avoiding the broken tones.
The main problem with hunting for gold rings is that you'll dig many "Beaver Tails", pull tabs, nickels, etc. before finding your first gold ring. Only the low tone emitted by your Tracker will determine that you may have encountered a gold ring but the odds are tremendously against you because of the thousands of pull tabs and "Beaver Tails" that are in your way that also may emit a low tone. Even though, this should be looked upon as a challenge instead of a drudgery.
Silver rings will emit a high tone, as do copper and silver coins, and are easier to find.
Gold chains, as gold rings, can also pose a problem when detecting. Chains are the hardest to find out of all jewelry items. Small chains are next to impossible to detect at any depth unless they are piled up. This would allow your detector to have more to detect than just one thin side of the chain.
Up to now we've covered a lot of applications for your Tracker metal detector. Most all of these applications can be a lifetime study in itself. Most certainly, all of them predetermine the setup of your controls on your Tracker. Now let's delve into one of the most pursued forms of "Treasure Hunting" in all of history...gold prospecting.
Metal detectors have been instrumental in creating another gold rush in the last two decades. Older gold mines that have long closed down have reopened using metal detectors as the main tool for gold retrieval. Today, metal detectors are used in every aspect of gold prospecting. From searching out the mother lode to finding "placer" deposits, metal detectors have been found to be indispensable.
Your Tracker was designed to have the capability to eliminate highly mineralized soil conditions commonly encountered when prospecting. It will even permeate "black sand", a high content of iron ore in soil, while still detecting gold nuggets.
To operate your Tracker for finding gold nuggets requires that you turn off your Discrimination control. (Tracker III or IV users: place toggle switch in the center) Most gold prospecting is done in remote areas that are usually known to have produced gold. This will make it easier to detect in the All Metal Mode because of the minimal trash metal encountered. Usually, if you're getting a repeatable signal, it will mean that it is worth digging.
The main objective in discovering gold with your Tracker, is determining a prime location to hunt. This will more than likely be the determining factor of whether you find gold or not.
The most important approach to gold prospecting, especially if you're a novice, would be lots of research. It's a good idea to spend some time understanding how gold forms and where you're likely to find it through research.
The Tracker metal detector comes standard with a waterproof coil allowing for more versatility when gold prospecting. A lot of nuggets and flakes of gold are discovered in stream beds. These nuggets and flakes usually originated from an outcrop in higher regions that were washed down by rain to be eventually carried away by streams. When prospecting with a metal detector it is very difficult to find the flakes of gold because of their small size. Nuggets are easily detected and can be found in stream beds, especially where a stream slows down or takes a sharp turn.
Gold nuggets can also be found in dry river beds, mountain sides, and even in deserts. How many nuggets you find will be dependent on how serious you are about acquiring the necessary knowledge to make it a profitable hobby. Successful gold prospecting can take many years of devoted study and practice.
The Tracker metal detector is a tremendous tool and requires the expertise only derived from many hours of practice in all areas of application. Where do the possible uses stop for the Tracker metal detector? Read on about the many...other ways to use your Tracker.
Other Ways to Use Your Tracker
There are other applications outside of the "Treasure Hunting" category which will reveal to you the many other practical ways for using your Tracker.
1. You can use your Tracker for finding survey landmarks or stakes that delineate property lines. To do this, you need to keep in mind what types of metal they are made of. Most landmarks and stakes are made of iron. Because of this, you cannot operate your Tracker in the Discrimination Mode for you will not be able to detect iron objects. Fortunately, there usually is not a lot of trash metal to contend with when hunting for landmarks, and you should have no trouble operating in the All Metals Motion Mode.
2. Plumbing is also another application. If you ever need to find a shutoff valve or possibly a pipe, that is not too deep, your Tracker may also fill your needs. Again, you have to consider what type of metal you're detecting. If your shutoff valve is made of brass, you will be able to detect it in the Discrimination Motion Mode. If any of your plumbing fittings you're looking for are made of iron or galvanized steel you will have to operate in the All Metals Motion Mode to be able to detect them.
3. Finding nails in boards before breaking or wearing out your saw blade on it, is also an excellent application for your Tracker. Remember, your Tracker will usually not pick up a nail in the Discrimination Motion Mode -- use the All Metals Motion Mode. Many lumber yards are using the Tracker for this same purpose.
4. If you're into archery, you know how expensive it can be to lose metal arrowheads. The Tracker has been used effectively to recover arrowheads for many serious archers.
5. Studs in walls can be found in the All Metals Mode because of the nails used to hang the drywall. If you're looking for a sturdy place to hang that heavy picture frame, pull out your Tracker.
6. Sharp trash metal can be cleared out of play areas or swimming areas for further safety.
These are only a few other possible applications for your Tracker metal detector. I'm sure you will think of other practical ways to use your Tracker for good effect. The possible applications are truly endless!
We now need to consider the finer aspects of tuning by learning...ground balancing for the Tracker 2-D. This will not apply to the Tracker I or Tracker III or IV since they both have automatic ground balancing.
Tracker 2-D Ground Balancing
The Tracker 2-D has one added control that the Tracker I does not possess: Manual Ground Balance for the All Metal Mode.
The Tracker 2-D has automatic ground balancing when the Discrimination is turned on. The Tracker 2-D's Ground Balance adjustment only applies when the Discrimination is turned off (All Metal mode).
All detectors operate with compensation for the mineral conditions or matrix of the soil, whether automatic or manual. The Tracker I-D, Tracker III and Tracker IV have automatic ground balancing which is preset at the factory; whereas, the Tracker 2-D has manual adjustment for ground balancing.
The main benefit of manual ground balancing:
You will be able to fine tune your Ground Balance control to give you maximum performance in highly mineralized soil conditions.
Automatic ground balancing on the Tracker I-D and Tracker III or IV has its advantages too -- especially when hunting beaches near saltwater. It can be lot easier to depend on the factory setting for salt condition than to have to learn how to manually ground balance for this type of highly mineralized condition. When in a hurry, it's also nice to be able to throw your detector in the All Metals Motion Mode without any further adjustment. So, depending on your use of your Tracker usually will determine the advantage of possessing one feature over the other.
Tracker 2-D Operation Only:
When using your Tracker 2-D in the All Metals Motion Mode, the Ground Balance will usually need to be adjusted only once in normal operation. In other words, you need to adjust your Ground Balance to the soil conditions of the area you're hunting and, unless we change areas, usually we will not have to adjust it again. If you're gold prospecting, you may have to adjust more often depending on how many mineralized pockets of soil you encounter.
Refer to your Tracker 2-D instruction manual for further explanation on how to adjust your Ground Balance control.
If you're a Tracker III or IV owner it might benefit you to know of the special features your unit offers illustrated in the next chapter.
TRACKER III & TRACKER IV
The main feature that differentiates the Tracker III or IV from the Tracker I-D and 2-D is a three-position toggle switch. This toggle switch enables the user to either detect all metal, identify targets by tone or to fully reject trash -- all three positions require motion when targeting a metal object.
1. TONE DISCRIMINATE: This position operates the same as the Tracker I-D and 2-D with their Discrimination turned on. When operating the Tracker III or IV in this mode, you will achieve two tones depending where the Discrimination knob is tuned.
2. FULL DISCRIMINATE: This feature is unique to the Tracker III or IV only. When the toggle switch is set all the way to the left, in 'Full Discriminate', the detector will not emit any tones for pull tabs, gold rings, etc. This applies when the Discrimination knob is tuned at a higher position. When the Discrimination is tuned lower you will hear only a high tone on all types of metal.
3. ALL METAL: When the toggle switch is in the center position, the Tracker III or IV is in the 'All Metal Motion Mode'. All metals will be detected no matter where the Discrimination knob is tuned. The Discrimination shuts down completely.
Each one of these controls is used for special applications as is illustrated in previous chapters.
TECHNIQUES IN THE FIELD
After getting this far, you've learned the many ways to operate your Tracker, and yet there are many other aspects of detecting such as...utilizing special techniques in the field.
There are many approaches to operating your Tracker in the field. Let's first discuss the proper way that the coil should be swept. Your Tracker was designed to only target a piece of metal when the coil is in motion whether in the Discrimination Mode or in All Metals Mode. So how you swing your coil is very critical. The most effective way, both in increasing target accuracy and covering more territory, is by using the half-circle method.
Technique for Coil Motion--
The Half Circle Method:
Keep your coil always level with the ground. Never swing your coil as if it was a pendulum (by raising it off the ground on both ends of a swing).
Every step forward draw a half-circle in front of you as illustrated in the diagram below. This will maximize the territory you're covering and guarantee that you will not miss any targets in your path.
This can be a very critical decision. There are many choices and each one of them would be predetermined by what you will be looking for. For coin-shooting you can effectively use a knife, a small garden trowel, a probe (a long screwdriver for instance), etc. Whenever you are hunting a yard or a park you must consider using the most least conspicuous tool possible. Most coins are found 6 inches or less in the soil and do not justify a large shovel to dig them up.
Always remember, you're pursuing a hobby that requires a lot of respect for property and by using a small digging tool you will appear harmless in the field. When and if you are going to use your Tracker for larger objects besides coins, such as caches and relics, then you may have to resort to using a larger digging tool since you'll be detecting further depths. Fortunately, most of this type of hunting is done in more remote areas and should not warrant having to be methodical in your digging approach to protect grass. Even though, always be careful to cover your holes wherever you hunt. Be respectful of property and always attempt to leave the area in the exact same condition as when you arrived.
By utilizing certain techniques, you can add to the life of your batteries.
A. Use Headphones: By using headphones you're stressing the batteries far less and in consequence increasing their life.
B. Buy Quality Batteries: Alkaline batteries are your best choice for longer life and maximum performance.
C. Switching Batteries: By switching the left battery with the right halfway through their estimated life, you will be balancing the energy draw. One of the batteries drives the audio on your unit and has more drain on average than the other battery.
D. Store Batteries Properly: Never leave your batteries in the unit for long periods when not using your detector. Battery leakage can occur damaging the battery compartment and possibly the circuitry.
E. Rechargeables: 9-Volt Rechargeable batteries can be used in the Tracker but do not expect the same life or performance that a commercial battery provides.
The most commonly asked question of the novice detectorist is: How deep does my detector go? There are multiple factors that come into play when determining the depth capability of a detector. The following considerations, as they apply to the Tracker, may assist you in gaining an idea of the many influences.
I. Size of Object: This is the most important factor that will influence the depth of your Tracker. For instance, you may only be able to detect a quarter at 6-8 inches but a large container of hundreds of quarters can possibly be detected at 3 feet and upwards.
II. Matrix of the Soil: The mineral content of the soil you're detecting in will undoubtedly affect the depth capability of your detector.
III. Operator's Expertise: The more you practice with your Tracker the more likely you will tune in to your detector and begin to find deeper objects that beginners would walk right over.
IV. Sensitivity Control: Your Tracker's Sensitivity Mode can be adjusted to maximize depth, but you have to be careful not to ride your Sensitivity too high or you may also get a lot of false signaling.
V. Discrimination Control: Whenever you turn your Discrimination control on you will lose a little sensitivity, and when you do feel you need the extra depth, it is best to operate in the All Metals Motion Mode.
VI. Oxidation: The longer an object is buried, the more the conductivity. If for instance you were to bury a new quarter you would go only 6 inches or less on it as compared to a quarter that's been buried for 30 years you may detect upwards of 8 inches.
TECHNOLOGY OF METAL DETECTING
You should be, by now, a little curious about the wonders of the technology that drives a metal detector.
To illustrate the true complexity of how the Tracker accomplishes the task of finding metal, would require a few hundred pages and a large dictionary to decipher the terminology related to electronics
It is a good idea just the same to make an attempt to understand what basically makes a metal detector tick. This understanding might even improve your technique.
The batteries drive the circuitry to emit electromagnetic wavelengths into the soil where metal may or may not be present. If there is metal, the electromagnetic wavelengths will be absorbed by the metal and will deplete the signal being emitted. This depletion of signal is recognized by the circuitry by a phase shift in the coil, depending on the alloy and size of the metal, the Tracker will then decide if it is to emit no tone (In Discrimination for iron, etc.), a low tone (nickels, "beaver tails", gold rings, etc.), or a high tone (silver, copper, brass, etc.)
This is only meant to be an overview of how the Tracker electronics function. Hopefully, this piques your interest in the wonders of metal detecting technology.
To truly tap into the full potential of your Tracker, always remember that ...practice makes perfect.
PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT
Don't get discouraged if you feel you aren't learning how to operate your Tracker as quick as you would like. Most of what you'll learn will depend on how much you practice. There are so many subtle aspects to detecting that cannot be learned from a book. As you work with your Tracker in the field, you'll acquire more and more knowledge that will accumulate and refine your skills with your Tracker.
I feel that no matter how many times I swing a coil, there's always something new to learn. Mastering the art of metal detecting can take many years of practice. The many interesting and valuable metal objects that you will dig up, and the many hours of enjoyment gained from swinging your Tracker coil, will make the learning process enjoyable and certainly not a drudgery.
After gaining the confidence in learning how to fully operate your Tracker and mastering the techniques described in this guide, you will find it easier to practice because you've bypassed many of the frustrations normally encountered in the field.
TAKING THE NEXT STEP
The Tracker I-D, Tracker 2-D, and Tracker III or IV, are excellent metal detectors that suffice for many types of uses. Today's Bounty Hunter and Teknetics technology offers the full spectrum of metal detectors which offer every feature imaginable.
These major developments and engineering feats surpasses the industry standard and make the hobby of metal detecting rewarding and especially more fun to pursue.
If you've gotten this far, and applied all experiments and techniques illustrated in this book, you are sufficiently prepared for most any type of in-the-field encounter. Again, most of the knowledge you gain will be in applying your Tracker not reading about it. So keep on digging..
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